Hey Sigmund on Instagram. You may have a hug-hit ratio of in your home, but you run the risk of your child remembering and being influenced more by the one hit than the hugs, especially if that hit was delivered in anger or unjustly, which happens all too often. Finding, as we have, that spanking strongly and consistently predicts negative developmental outcome does not in itself settle the question of whether spanking has caused the outcome.
Slapping them sends a powerful negative message. No, punishment doesn't work. Our general impression is that parents spank less as their experience increases.