According to The Encyclopedia of Women's Health, published in , there has been an increased effort to provide contraception to adolescents via family planning services and school-based health, such as HIV prevention education. There are additional concerns for those under the age of 15 as they are less likely to be physically developed to sustain a healthy pregnancy or to give birth. Compulsory sterilization Contraceptive security Genital integrity Circumcision controversies Genital modification and mutilation Intersex. In Australia, the UK and the U. A US government poster on teen pregnancy.
Monthly Vital Statistics Report. A University of Chicago study of youth transitioning out of foster care in Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin found that nearly half of the females had been pregnant by age Addressing the mental health of pregnant and parenting teens -- who face significantly higher rates of postpartum depression -- should be paramount for all mental and maternal health nonprofits, organizations, programs and anyone who works with teen moms and families.